Today we’re going to discuss what it means for a place to be “developed”. Development is often associated with economic success — that is countries with higher standards of living and material wealth like those found in Europe and North America. But as we’ll see, this perspective is only one way to compare countries on the global stage, has strong ties to colonialist histories, and doesn’t necessarily capture a place’s environmental and socioeconomic sustainability or even the population’s general happiness. We’ll focus on the region in the Middle East and North Africa, called MENA, and examine how the histories of the United Arab Emirates and Lebanon have resulted in drastically different development scores.
[Sources] General Getis, Bjelland, and Getis. Introduction to Geography, 15 ed. McGraw-Hill Education. 2017. ISBN: 978-1-259-57000-1
Gregory, Derek, Ron Johnston, Geraldine Pratt, Michael Watts, and Sarah Whatmore, eds. 2009. The Dictionary of Human Geography. 5th ed. Willey-Blackwell. ISBN: 978-1-4051-3288-6
For a free and open source option for Intro to Human Geography, see: humangeography.pressbooks.com/
For a free and open source option for World Regional Geography, see: worldgeography.pressbooks.com/front-matter/introduction/
Cracking the AP Human Geography Exam: 2020 edition. The Princeton Review.
Human development Indices worldhappiness.report/faq/ academia.edu/33199038/The_History_of_Gross_National_Happiness gnh.institute/gross-national-happiness-research-library/history-of-happiness-science-who-is-who-happiness-leaders-pioneers.htm hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr_2020_overview_english.pdf
UAE Sources cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/united-arab-emirates/#economy (lists 30% of economy as oil and gas) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates
Watch the videos and review your learning with the CrashCourse App! Download here for Apple Devices: apple.co/3d4eyZo Download here for Android Devices: bit.ly/2SrDulJ
CrashCourse is on Patreon! You can support directly by signing up at patreon.com/crashcourse
Thanks to the following patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep CrashCourse free for everyone forever: Dave Freeman, Hasan Jamal, DL Singfield, Jeremy Mysliwiec, Shannon McCone, Amelia Ryczek, Ken Davidian, Stephen Akuffo, Toni Miles, Erin Switzer, Steve Segreto, Michael M. Varughese, Kyle & Katherine Callahan, Laurel A Stevens, Vincent, Michael Wang, Stacey Gillespie, Jaime Willis, Alexis B, Burt Humburg, Aziz Y, DAVID MORTON HUDSON, Perry Joyce, Scott Harrison, Mark & Susan Billian, Junrong Eric Zhu, Rachel Creager, Matt Curls, Tim Kwist, Jonathan Zbikowski, Jennifer Killen, Sarah & Nathan Catchings, Brandon Westmoreland, team dorsey, Trevin Beattie, Divonne Holmes à Court, Eric Koslow, Jennifer Dineen, Indika Siriwardena, Khaled El Shalakany, Jason Rostoker, Shawn Arnold, Siobhán, Ken Penttinen, Nathan Taylor, Les Aker, ThatAmericanClare, Rizwan Kassim, Sam Ferguson, Alex Hackman, Jirat, Katie Dean, Avi Yashchin, NileMatotle, Wai Jack Sin, Ian Dundore, Justin, Caleb Weeks __
Want to find CrashCourse elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: patreon.com/crashcourse