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March 8, 2022

According to the UN, people living in urban places now outnumber those in rural areas — which is a pretty new phenomenon for many parts of the world. So today, we’re going to discuss factors that have led to this shift in populations from rural to urban residences (known as urbanization), and we’ll examine the historical and structural systems, like colonialism and Central Place Theory, that have influenced the cities we see today.


Knox and Marston 2016: Human Geography Place and Regions in a Global Context. 7th Edition. Pearson
Marston et all. 2017. World Regions in a Global Context. Peoples, Places and Environments. 6th Edition. Pearson.
Pacione, M. 2001. Urban Geography A Global Perspective. Routledge.
Derudder, Ben and Taylor, Peter. 2016. Change in the World City Network, 2000-2012. The Professional Geographer. 68(4) pages 624-637
China’s urban system
Chang. S. 1963. The Historical Trend of Chinese Urbanization. AAAG. Vol 53 (2)
Wu F. 2016. Emerging Chinese Cities: Implications for Global Urban Studies. The Professional Geographer, 68(2), pages 338–348
Sheppard. E. 2016. Emerging Asias: Introduction The Professional Geographer, 68(2), pages 309–312

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